Practical job training measures (BPFS in the business area)
The pilot project is planned for unemployed, severely disabled adults in the area of commerce. There are no limitations with respect to age and level of education. Therefore, the subjects planned are to be seen as an overview of possible teaching contents, which must be appropriately modified according to the structure of participants, individual training prerequisites as well as the future vocational chances of the participants. The concept expects as widespread individualisation as possible: i.e. the transferral of relevant teaching material in the business area tailored to the individual needs of the participants. This is possible by means of CBT (Computer Based Training). The learning speed of the user can be catered to by means of "individual teaching" with a computer-supported teaching programme. The pupil can work quickly through familiar subjects, take longer with unknown subjects and increase the number of training units according to his learning progress. Thus, the requirements for individual practice units are given. As well as this the pupil is led to independent learning by computer support. This appears to make sense as the increasingly rapid changes in vocational requirements need lifelong and self-organised learning. Dealing with the latest technology is particularly suitable for the disabled in decreasing their fears of marginalisation. The teaching software is chosen according to the following criteria: learning success, user-friendliness, adaptation possibilities for particular disabilities, information relevant to vocation and the topicality of the subject matter. It is expected that tutor systems will be introduced for learning and applying rules (e.g. principles of bookkeeping) and simulation systems through which business contents are transferred and the ability to make decisions is trained (merchandise economy). During the business training the participants are given the chance through intensive advice and the appropriate aquisition activities, to become acquainted with various workplaces with vocationally related and vocationally different activities. As the participants in these measures are mainly severely disabled and have already been unemployed a long time, it must be assumed that there are accompanying results of the disability and mental instability. Therefore social welfare support is needed for the whole duration of the measure. Regional work assistence will be included in time for the aftercare. The important moment of the measure is the support of qualifications extending the subject. Here there is particular importance placed on the social competence which is related to each disability. In their working life up to now many disabled employees have developed set patterns of behaviour in coping with their disability which have been based on the social structure of each of the working environments. In a new surrounding with other local, social and vocational demands, psychosocial accompanying results of the disability assume a new importance. These often lead to frictions which can be removed by information from the employer, work organisational or work related changes. At the same time a confrontation is necessary with the patterns of behaviour of those affected which may lead to problems. This increasing of the social competence is particularly important throughout the whole measure. In the individual talks as well as in the individual information modules, solution approaches to dealing with own disabilities under the unfamiliar conditions of the everyday business life will be worked through by the participants, in order to encourage flexibility in the social area as well.