in Projekten blättern

Angaben zum Forschungsprojekt

Berufliche Partizipation blinder, sehbehinderter und mehrfach behinderter Hochschulabsolventen in Deutschland - der Einfluss von Beratung

Empirische quantitative und qualitative Studie mittels Fragebogen bzw. Telefoninterview.
Entsprechend der Behindertenrechtskonvention wird konsequent die Perspektive der Betroffenen behandelt, nicht, wie bisher üblich, das medizinische Paradigma oder die betriebswirtschaftliche Sichtweise.

Das Forschungsprojekt hat eine große Anzahl von Dimensionen. Untersucht wurde:
- der allgemeinbildende und berufsbildende Werdegang der Teilnehmenden
- Art und Intensität von Beeinträchtigungen durch Behinderung
- Status und Prognose der Beeinträchtigungen
- Situation und Entwicklung der jüngsten oder der aktuellen Stellensuche
- Aktivitätsbeschränkungen und Nachteile im Teilhabebereich Arbeit und Beruf
- Nutzung von Medien und Hilfsmitteln vor allem im beruflichen und Studienkontext
- Situation der Betroffenen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt - Erwerbs- und Beschäftigungsquote, Arbeitslosigkeit und Unterbeschäftigung sowie Fortbildungsaktivitäten,
- Wahrnehmung von Beratungsqualität und -erfolg durch die Beratenen, differenziert nach den verschiedenen Einrichtungen der öffentlichen Arbeitsvermittlung in Deutschland
- den beruflichen Werdegang, Licht und Schatten, Chancen und Gefährdungen
- und nicht zuletzt: Was die Befragten anderen Menschen raten, wenn diese sich in der Situation der Stellensuche befinden.



Bezug des Projekts zur internationalen Klassifikation der Funktionsfähigkeit, Behinderung und Gesundheit (ICF):
Die ICF ist kein ausdrücklicher Forschungsgegenstand, wird aber im Vorhaben genutzt, z.B. durch den Einsatz ICF-basierter Instrumente / Skalen zur Beschreibung von Untersuchungsvariablen, Verlaufsdokumentation, Ergebnismessung etc.



Beginn:

01.05.2009


Abschluss:

31.12.2011


Art:

Eigenprojekt / Wissenschaftliche Arbeit / Studie



Weitere Informationen


Abstract

Occupational Participation of blind, severly partial sighted and multiply handicapped Academics in Germany - The Influence of Councelling

Even though they have successfully graduated from college or university despite great handicaps, job seekers who are blind or visually impaired or have multiple disabilities have major problems when looking for a job.

Not only employers but also counselors from public employment services in Germany frequently seem to focus more on disability-related deficits than on the often extraordinary achievements and capabilities of their applicants / clients, which enabled them to complete their studies successfully.

Therefore opportunities for occupational integration many times are not used although extensive labor market policy instruments could be taken advantage of.

Disability studies, for the most part, are unknown territory in Germany. Basic theoretical information on the question "What do severely physically challenged persons experience when seeking employment?" is largely not available. Looking at the segment of university graduates with a visual impairment as an example, the objective is to shed light on the "dark" area of occupational participation through counseling and placement services, as seen from the perspective of the persons concerned. This examination was prompted based on descriptions by affected job seekers who were in contact with self-help organizations. These descriptions suggested that there were vast differences in the quality, efficiency, value and success of the counseling and placement activities provided by public employment services.

Due to the fact that very little research has been done in this area, surveys were conducted in writing and by telephone to gather information on how the counseling and placement services of the public employment agencies were perceived. The data collection instruments included quantitative as well as qualitative elements. The focal point of the survey was the subjective perception from the standpoint of the client. This perception could then be put into relation with other items. Even though the small scope of the sample does not permit a representative assessment, the collected data does paint a much differentiated picture of the job search of graduates who are blind or visually impaired.

The analysis revealed the following main results:

- A prerequisite for successful counseling of the described group of persons is that the counselor does not only have empathy but also expertise and experience with regard to the specific types of disability, a differentiated knowledge of tertiary education and a professional routine in assessing the relevant job markets.

- Frequently, the employment counselors and agents are reported to be friendly, polite and patient in their conversational demeanor (4.1 and 4.2).

- Very different experiences are reported with the institutions of public employment services with regard to the quality, efficiency, value and success of the counseling and placement activities (4 and 5).

- In part, the answers to the questions regarding the effectiveness of the counseling activities from the viewpoint of the clients produce extremely sobering and troubling results (4.3).

- Most of the interviewees felt accepted and respected by the counselors. The degree to which they were encouraged and, in particular, felt supported varied greatly depending on which institution they rated (4.4.3).

- The impression of the interviewees was that the counselors' sense of the disability being an obstacle to the placement efforts increased proportionally with the severity of the visual impairment. This was not the case when the professional competence was assessed; in fact, gender differences played a greater role in this respect (4.4.4).

- Most of the interviewees felt judged correctly by counselors in terms of their qualification and motivation. There were no significant differences with regard to the intensity of the visual impairment. Women felt judged correctly to a larger extent. Other differences arose depending on the institution the job seekers were in contact with (4.4.5).

- Strikingly few interviewees took advantage of further vocational training (3.3.2).


Referenznummer:

R/FO125327


Informationsstand: 29.11.2019